7 Warning Signs And Symptoms Of Anaphylaxis

By Alley Benton
Updated April 18, 2017
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7 Warning Signs And Symptoms Of AnaphylaxisThose who do not suffer from allergies cannot fully understand what's involved when someone has a reaction. In most cases, the symptoms are mild and manageable. However, in severe allergic reactions the condition could be life threatening. In these cases, anaphylaxis happens when the body releases too many chemicals and sends the person into shock. When that happens, immediate medical treatment is crucial.

What Are the Symptoms of Anaphylaxis?

The symptoms of anaphylaxis can come on suddenly and without warning. They may start off mildly with signs of a runny nose, a rash on the skin, or even a feeling of disorientation. However, they can escalate to more severe conditions very quickly. Soon, the patient will have trouble breathing, break out in hives, the throat may begin to close up, and their voice can become hoarse. They may also develop nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and diarrhea. Other cases may develop dizziness, they may faint, lose consciousness, and experience a drastic drop in blood pressure. If left untreated, these symptoms could quickly escalate to cardiac arrest, which could lead to death.

The 7 warning signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis could come in three different stages.

Stage one are milder symptoms, which include:

1. Runny nose

2. Skin rash

Stage two are moderate symptoms, which include:

3. Trouble breathing

4. Throat swelling and closing

Stage three are the severe and life threatening symptoms including:

5. Fainting or losing consciousness

6. Changes in the heart rate

7. Severe drop in blood pressure.

Who Is at Risk?

Everyone who has an allergy could be at risk of anaphylaxis. However, those who have had a bad reaction before are much more likely to have a repeat of such an episode. This is why it is so important that those with asthma and those with a history of severe allergic reactions are placed in a higher risk category. They need to know the 7 warning signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis. These people often carry with them auto-injectors prescribed by their doctor. The injectors contain adrenaline (sometimes referred to as epinephrine) to be administered on the scene.

Remember that the allergic reaction can sometimes be so severe that waiting for medical help to arrive may not be an option. The adrenaline will constrict the blood vessels and relax the lungs so that the patient can breathe. It can also stimulate the heart and reduce the swelling so that they can get the medical help they need.

Even after using the auto-injector and the patient is feeling well it is important to see a doctor. If not properly treated, another more severe reaction could happen hours later. Patients will need to be observed for a certain period of time until they have made a complete recovery.

Since there is no definitive way for people to prevent an allergic reaction, paying close attention to the 7 warning signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis is crucial to a patient's survival and quick recovery. Even if you don't have allergies, it's a good idea to know what to do in case someone near you needs your help.

* Disclaimer:
This site offers information designed for educational purposes only. You should not rely on any information on this site as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment, or as a substitute for, professional counseling care, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. If you have any concerns or questions about your health, you should always consult with a physician or other health-care professional.