Best Treatment Options To Manage Severe Anaphylaxis

By Alley Benton
Updated April 13, 2017
Read our Disclaimer

Best Treatment Options To Manage Severe AnaphylaxisAnaphylaxis is a potentially life-threatening and severe form of allergic reaction. The problem can occur within minutes or even seconds when someone is exposed to an allergen. In this condition, the immune system releases a huge amount of chemicals that can push the body into shock. The airways narrow and your blood pressure will drop, leading to symptoms such as a weak and rapid pulse, nausea, rashes, and vomiting. Common causes of anaphylaxis might include some medications, certain foods, and insect venom.

The best treatment options to manage severe anaphylaxis will include an immediate injection of epinephrine, and a follow-up evaluation at an emergency room. When not treated immediately, this condition can easily become fatal.

Auto-injectors and Adrenaline:

As mentioned above, the best treatment options to manage severe anaphylaxis include an injection of adrenaline. Most people with serious allergies will be prescribed with adrenaline auto-injectors that they can carry with them always. This stops anaphylactic reactions from becoming life-threatening, and the injector should be used as soon as a reaction may be suspected, either by the person who is suffering from anaphylaxis, or the person nearby.

If you have been given an auto-injection solution to help you manage your allergies, make sure that you know how to use it properly. Instructions should be included on the side of every auto injector, but you can also ask for help and assistance from your doctor when you are prescribed the injector.

Managing Severe Anaphylaxis in an Emergency:

In order for people to benefit from the best treatment options to manage severe anaphylaxis, it may be necessary to engage in a few emergency actions. For instance, someone who is suffering from anaphylaxis should be laid flat, though pregnant women are best laid on their left side, so that they can avoid placing additional pressure on the large vein leading to the heart. People who have trouble breathing will need to be propped up to open the airways.

Anyone who is unconscious as a result of anaphylaxis should be moved into the recovery position to keep the airway clear. Additionally, it's important to avoid sudden changes to posture, such as quickly standing or sitting up.

Hospital Treatments:

Often, the best treatment options to manage severe anaphylaxis can be given in a hospital setting. Even if you have an auto-injector, you will need to go to a hospital for observation, usually for a period of up to 12 hours, as symptoms can return during this time. While you're in hospital, you might be given an oxygen mask to help with breathing, and fluids could be sent directly into a vein to improve blood pressure. Additional medications can also be given to relieve symptoms.

Most hospitals will release patients with anaphylaxis once their symptoms are under control. Usually, this process can take a few hours, but it may be longer if the reaction is severe. You may also be asked to take steroid and antihistamine tablets for several days after leaving the hospital so that the symptoms of your allergic reaction won't return.

* Disclaimer:
This site offers information designed for educational purposes only. You should not rely on any information on this site as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment, or as a substitute for, professional counseling care, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. If you have any concerns or questions about your health, you should always consult with a physician or other health-care professional.