Everything You Need To Know About First Aid

By Alley Benton
Updated April 20, 2017
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Everything You Need To Know About First AidHere, we're going to look at everything you need to know about first aid when you find yourself in a sudden emergency situation. However, before we begin, it's important to remember that the first thing that you should do in any dangerous situation is to call for emergency help by contacting 911. During the time when you're waiting for emergency services to arrive and take over, you can see what you might be able to do to help the person suffering using basic first aid skills. Additionally, you should also make sure that your safety is ensured before you start worrying about someone else.

Being Prepared:

The first step in learning everything you need to know about first aid is making sure that you're prepared. Emergencies are less of a problem when you have the tools to treat them. Ideally, you should prepare your first aid kits and know exactly where you have them located in your car and in your home.

Burns:

The location, size, and severity of a burn will determine the kind of treatment that needs to be given. For serious burns where the skin looks dry and white, or black and charred, or burns that are larger than three inches in size, you should call 911. You can treat less severe burns by exposing them to cold water for around 10 to 15 minutes.

Cuts and Bleeding:

To prevent external bleeding from becoming too severe, make sure that you apply continued pressure with a clean rag or cloth. If there is still bleeding after around thirty minutes of pressure, you should seek out medical assistance. However, if the bleeding stops, all you need to do is clean the wound with water and cover it with a bandage.

Choking:

People who are struggling to breath often press their hands to their throats. They may also have trouble breathing, inability to cough or talk, or discoloration around the lips, nails, and skin. If you're concerned that someone is choking, you should perform the Heimlich maneuver to clear the airway. If the patient is unconscious and you're worried the airway may be blocked, you can tilt the head back to open up the throat.

Strokes:

If you see any signs of a stroke in the patient, then you should call emergency services immediately. Remember that stroke symptoms can be recognized using the "FAST" acronym, which includes drooping in the face or numbness in the face, as well as loss of feeling in the arm, speech difficulty, and problems with slurring.

Heart Attacks:

Finally, when trying to understand everything you need to know about first aid, it's important to learn the obvious signs of a heart attack, which can sometimes be difficult to pinpoint. Remember that although chest pain is a common symptom, discomfort is also very common, which can often feel a lot like squeezing or pressure. Upper body discomfort, which includes shortness of breath, might also be a common symptom, as well as fatigue, sudden dizziness or nausea. If you're concerned that someone else might be at risk of a heart attack, then you should seek help from the emergency services immediately.





* Disclaimer:
This site offers information designed for educational purposes only. You should not rely on any information on this site as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment, or as a substitute for, professional counseling care, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. If you have any concerns or questions about your health, you should always consult with a physician or other health-care professional.