If you hope to find a concise list of hypertension signs and symptoms, you are likely to draw a blank. This is because high blood pressure is, by and large, completely asymptomatic. It is also this that makes it such a dangerous condition, because high blood pressure (HBP or hypertension) has the potential to kill.
It is a myth that people who have HBP always experience hypertension signs and symptoms. Facial flushing, difficulty sleep, sweating, and nervousness are all believed to be symptoms of HBP, but that is not true. Rather, the condition is a silent killer. You cannot simply ignore your blood pressure simply because you have no symptoms, therefore. That is like playing Russian roulette.
A word of warning: you should never try to diagnose yourself. Only a trained healthcare professional can give you a medical diagnosis. Also, know what your blood pressure is, and work at improving those numbers. Don't wait for nosebleeds or headaches to appear before you have your blood pressure checked, in other words.
Understanding the Hypertension Signs and Symptoms:
Contrary to popular belief, hypertension does not lead to nosebleeds or headaches. The exception is the hypertensive crisis, which is a blood pressure of 180/110mm Hg or above, which is already considered to be a medical emergency. If you have blood pressure this high, and you also have nosebleeds or headaches and generally feel unwell, you should give yourself five minutes and then test your blood pressure again. If it remains 180/110 or higher, phone an ambulance straight away. If you do not have the means to test your blood pressure, and your nosebleeds and headaches are severe, you should contact your physician straight away.
There are a number of symptoms that people often experience when they have HBP. However, these aren't necessarily caused by it, and can also happen in people with normal blood pressure. These include:
– Blood spots in the eyes, which are particularly common if you have both HBP and diabetes. Eye floaters, cataracts, and glaucoma are also not related to your blood pressure. Rather, they relate to ocular pressure.
– Facial flushing, which means your facial blood vessels dilate. This can be triggered by external factors, such as skin care products, hot drinks, wind, spicy foods, cold weather, and sun exposure. Others experience this more unpredictably. Alternatively, it can be caused by exercise, consumption of alcohol, hot water, exposure to heat, and emotional stress. It certainly is possible for someone with hypertension to experience facial flushing, but the two are not related.
– Dizziness, which can be caused by medication prescribed to treat your hypertension. It isn't caused by the HBP, in other words. However, you should always take dizziness seriously, particularly sudden onset dizziness, as this could mean you are having a stroke. If you do have high blood pressure, you are at increased risk of having a stroke.
As you can see, there aren't any signs and symptoms related to hypertension. Rather, you should get checked regularly by your physician to determine what your blood pressure is. And if you commit to a healthy lifestyle, you shouldn't have any concerns either.