If you have chronic kidney disease, then you will need to come up with a plan of action for managing your condition with your doctor. Ideally, the aim of your treatment will be to slow down the progress of the disease so that your kidneys would still be capable of doing their job, which is to filter extra water and waste out of your blood so that these can be expelled in your urine. First of all, when managing kidney disease, your doctor will attempt to figure out what caused the problem in the first place. For instance, some people suffer from kidney disease because they have high blood pressure or diabetes. The factor that caused your kidney disease is likely to have an impact on the best treatment options to help manage kidney disease.
Medications for Kidney Disease:
Usually, the best treatment options to help manage kidney disease will begin with some use of medication. High blood pressure levels can make chronic kidney disease more likely, and this disease can also affect your blood pressure, so you may take angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin II receptor blockers to help you deal with the problem. Along with controlling your blood pressure level, these medications could also reduce the amount of protein in your urine. This can help your kidneys to repair themselves over time. You might also need to take certain medicines that help your body to produce erythropoietin, which assists with the creation of red blood cells.
Lifestyle Changes for Kidney Disease:
Sometimes, the best treatment options to help manage kidney disease will involve the use of lifestyle changes. For instance, you might be asked to stop smoking if you smoke, and eat a more balanced and healthy diet. You should also attempt to restrict your intake of salt to less than 6 grams per day, and do as much regular exercise as possible. Moderating your alcohol intake is also a good idea so that you can ensure that you never drink more than the recommended limit per week. People who are overweight or obese are often asked to lose weight if they have kidney disease, and you should avoid anti-inflammatory drugs that you can get over the counter.
Dialysis for Kidney Disease:
In a small number of people with kidney disease, the condition will eventually worsen to a point where the kidneys stop working completely. This usually will not happen suddenly, so you should be able to plan the next stage of your treatment. One of the options available when kidney disease reaches this stage is to use dialysis. This procedure removes the excess fluid and waste products from the blood. There are two forms of dialysis. One is hemodialysis, which diverts the blood flow into an external machine where it's cleaned before being returned to the body. The other option is peritoneal dialysis, which involves pumping fluid into the space inside the stomach to remove waste products.
An alternative to dialysis for those with severely reduced kidney function is a transplant. Usually, this is the most effective treatment for kidney disease, but it involves finding a suitable donor, performance of a major surgery, and taking medication for the rest of your life.