The stages of a chronic kidney disease can be determined by the glomerular filtration rate. This rate measures how fast the kidneys are filtering the blood and getting rid of excess fluids and wastes that might be damaging to your body. Determining the glomerular filtration rate helps health professionals see just how well the blood is being filtered by the kidneys, and it's a good way of measuring kidney function.
Usually, the glomerular filtration rate can be calculated using a formula that includes the age of a person, as well as the serum creatinine levels, the person’s race, and gender. A GFR that is under 60 ml/min might indicate kidney disease, as the lower the number, the worse the kidney function is. Here, we'll be looking at everything you need to know about kidney disease stages.
Measuring Kidney Disease:
When it comes to understanding everything you need to know about kidney disease stages, it's worth noting that the GFR measurement isn't always ideal for measuring kidney health in certain people, such as the very old and very young, obese people, or amputees. In certain cases, GFR can also be estimated through the process of a 24 hour urine collection process.
Chronic kidney disease can be identified as damage to the kidney, or a GFR level that is under 60 for a period longer than six months.
The Stages of Kidney Disease:
Understanding everything you need to know about kidney disease stages means recognizing that different stages mean different things. For instance, the first stage of chronic kidney disease comes with a GFR of 90 or above, in which your doctor will attempt to find the cause of your kidney problems and then start treatment. The physician will also look into other health problems like high blood pressure and diabetes.
The second stage of kidney disease comes with kidney damage with mildly low GFR of between 60-89. In this stage, your doctor will attempt to make an estimate that indicates how quickly your current disease in progressing, and he will also take steps to manage the various health problems that you could be facing, such as high blood pressure or diabetes. This will also include a process of regular monitoring too.
In stage three of kidney damage, which comes with GFR of around 30-59, your doctor will focus on checking your medical history for complications. He or she might look for signs of bone disease and anemia, and begin additional treatment where required.
In the fourth stage of kidney damage with seriously low GFR of between 15-29, the doctor will need to take extreme precautions to make sure that you are receiving the treatment that will help to best prevent kidney failure. He or she may also determine what kind of treatment you'd like to proceed with if kidney failure does happen.
Finally, in the fifth stage of kidney disease, which is often called kidney failure, the GFR rate is below 15. In this case, you will need to either have a kidney transplant, begin palliative care, or start undergo the process of dialysis.