Have you wondered what is causing the pain in your lower leg? There can be a myriad of reasons for this, including the simple reason that your footwear is ill-fitting. Most of the time, it is because you have increased how physically active you are, but various other reasons can be behind it as well.

Some of the Common Causes of Lower Leg Pain:

The most common causes of lower leg pain include:

1. Muscle fatigue or strain

Usually, this is because you have significantly increased your activity level, and the pain is minimal. Usually, resting the leg and applying a cold or hot compress is enough to solve it. However, if the pain is severe and very sudden, there could be a rupture, in which case you should seek medical attention. You can prevent this through proper stretching before and after you exercise.

2. Exercise

Medial tibial stress syndrome, commonly known as shin splints, is also common. This often happens in those who run or jump. The pain is on the back and inside of the tibia bone, on the calf muscle. It can get worse due to problems with the feet, such as a high arch or over-pronation. A stress fracture can also be caused by exercise, as can exercise-induced compartment syndrome, although this is less common. The latter two conditions are very painful.

3. Tendonitis

Tendonitis usually happens in athletes, but it can occur in anyone. It means that the tendon's surrounding tissue becomes inflamed. It often happens if people have a high arch or a flat foot. The pain usually becomes worse whenever the tendon is used or stretched. Posterior tibial tendonitis and Achilles tendonitis are the most common causes of lower leg pain.

4. Vein Issues

The leg veins transport blood to and from the heart. If there is an issue, then edema (leg swelling), tenderness, and pain can all occur. Venous insufficiency is the most common type, which can lead to skin changes, swelling, and varicose veins. Be weary of deep vein thrombosis (DVT), which is a blood clot with potentially lethal consequences.

5. Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)

PAD happens when at least one of the arteries becomes narrowed. The pain is often felt when walking and it goes away after rest. PAD often makes the limb cold and pale, increasing its sensitivity as well. Diabetes, heart disease, and smoking are common risk factors for PAD.

6. Pregnancy

Pregnant women often have problems with their legs and feet, particularly in the final trimester. This is due to the extra weight they carry, as well as hormonal problems, relaxing the arch and compressing the foot. Because of this, the feet tend to become flatter, forcing the muscles to work harder.

7. Medical Conditions

There are a number of medical conditions that can cause pain in the lower leg. This includes:

– Fibromyalgia

– Autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, and thyroid disease

– High cholesterol, if statin drugs or diuretics are prescribed

8. Back Problems

When people have back problems, their leg nerves may be compressed. This leads to a sharp shooting pain, usually starting at the buttocks and going down from there. It is important to seek medical attention for this.