All About Overactive Bladder Causes And Symptoms

By Alley Benton
Updated December 11, 2016
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All About Overactive Bladder Causes And SymptomsAn overactive bladder (OAB) is often an embarrassing and distressing condition for those who suffer from it. Finding the ideal treatment for your needs will often depend on your ability to discover why you're suffering from this issue in the first place. In the average person, urine is developed by the kidneys and stored within the bladder. Bladder function typically requires the normal behavior of the urinary tract and will require good communication between the bladder muscles and nervous system.

Most of the time, overactive bladder causes aren't always obvious, as the cause of the involuntary contraction that causes OAB is largely unknown. However, at this time, there are a number of known factors that can lead to involuntary bladder contraction, symptoms of OAB, and poor bladder control. There are also a lot of different causes of symptoms similar to OAB.

Common Overactive Bladder Causes:

Although the exact overactive bladder causes can be a mystery to many health experts, but are usually associated with changes in the body through old age, there are various events that can trigger the onset of OAB. For example, neurological conditions can sometimes disrupt the signals that move between the muscles of the bladder and the nervous system, thus causing the symptoms of OAB to occur. These neurological conditions might include:

- Stroke

- Spinal injury

- Multiple sclerosis

- Parkinson's disease

Other Overactive Bladder Causes:

In some cases, damage to the nerves of the body that was caused by trauma or surgery can sometimes lead to a loss of control within the bladder muscles. In some cases, this condition is only a temporary issue that goes away as the trauma begins to heal. For instance, certain people may struggle with overactive bladder symptoms following the impact of a car crash. On the other hand, some people suffer from OAB as a result of trauma for a much longer time, as is the case with many chronic pelvic injuries.

Similarly, obstructive conditions such as enlarged prostate glands and bladder stones can sometimes cause the symptoms of OAB to flare up. For instance, an enlarged prostate can force the urinary stream to weaken, thus causing a sense of urinary urgency. This issue can sometimes cause problems with urination even in times when the bladder would otherwise feel full.

Symptoms Of Overactive Bladder:

Even if you don't actually have an overactive bladder, you might find that you experience symptoms that are similar to the ones found in this condition as a result of various causes. For instance, the side effects of certain medications like water pills can lead to OAB symptoms. Similarly, urinary tract infections can cause increased action within the bladder muscles, which causes an overactive bladder and may prompt you to attempt urination more often. Medical conditions can also cause OAB issues and incontinence, such as diabetic neuropathy.

For women, pregnancy and menopause can both lead to a risk of OAB. In menopause, levels of estrogen drop, causing the bladder muscles to weaken. During pregnancy, the uterus begins to expand, placing additional pressure on the bladder and leading to sudden urges to urinate.





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This site offers information designed for educational purposes only. You should not rely on any information on this site as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment, or as a substitute for, professional counseling care, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. If you have any concerns or questions about your health, you should always consult with a physician or other health-care professional.